Auscultation Repetition Training

As a supplement to our courses and reference guides, we provide repetition auscultation training. The effectiveness of this type of training was reported in CHEST in 2004: 'Mastering Cardiac Murmurs* : The Power of Repetition' by Michael J. Barrett, Carolyn S. Lacey, Amy E. Sekara, Erica A. Linden and Edward J. Gracely.

This module was created by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD, Cardiologist, David Lieberman, Heart Sound Simulation Engineer. Review by Dr. Barbara Erickson, Author and Editor.

Users are encouraged to first master the heart sounds content available in various modules (mini-courses) on this website.

Aortic Sclerosis (Musical Murmur) [Repetition]
Aortic Sclerosis (Musical Murmur)
Acute Pericarditis [Repetition]
Acute Pericarditis waveform
Aortic Regurgitation (Decrescendo Diastolic Murmur) R
AorticRegurgitation (Decrescendo Diastolic Murmur) waveform
Aortic Regurgitation Mild [Repetition]
Aortic Regurgitation Mild
Aortic Regurgitation Moderate [Repetition]
Aortic Regurgitation Moderate
Aortic Regururgitation Severe [Repetition]
Aortic Regururgitation Severe
Aortic Stenosis (Diamond Shaped Systolic Murmur)
Aortic Stenosis (Diamond Shaped Systolic Murmur)
Aortic Stenosis Mild [Repetition]
Aortic Stenosis Mild
Aortic Stenosis Moderate Regur Mild [Repetition]
Aortic Stenosis Mod Regur Mild
Aortic Stenosis - Severe [Repetition]
Aortic Stenosis - Severe
Aortic Stenosis Moderate and Regurgitation Mild - Rheumatic [Repetition]
Aortic Stenosis Moderate and Regurgitation Mild - Rheumatic Origin
Arrhythmogenic RV Dysplasia [Repetition]
Arrhythmogenic RV Dysplasia
Atrial Septal Defect [Repetition]
Atrial Septal Defect
Bronchial [Repetition]
Bronchial
Bronchophony Abnormal
Bronchophony Abnormal
Bronchophony Healthy [Repetition]
Bronchophony Healthy
Bronchovesicular [Repetition]
Bronchovesicular
Coarctation of the Aorta [Repetition]
Coarctation of the Aorta
Commotio Cordis [Repetition]
Commotio Cordis
Crackles Coarse (Rales) [Repetition]
Crackles Coarse (Rales)
Crackles Early Inspiratory (Rales) [Repetition]
Crackles Early Inspiratory (Rales)
Crackles Fine (Rales) [Repetition]
Crackles Fine (Rales)
Crackles - High Pitched (Rales)
Crackles - High Pitched (Rales)
Crackles Late Inspiratory (Rales) [Repetition]
Crackles Late Inspiratory (Rales)
Crackles Low Pitched (Rales) [Repetition]
Crackles Low Pitched (Rales)
Ebstein's Anomaly [Repetition]
Ebstein's Anomaly
Egophony a [Repetition]
Egophony-a
Egophony-e [Repetition]
Egophony-e
Exercise Heart Rate 120bpm [Repetition]
Exercise Heart Rate 120bpm
First and Second Heart Sounds Normal and Unsplit [Repetition]
First and Second Heart Sounds Normal and Unsplit
First and Second Heart Sounds Reduced Intensity [Repetition]
First and Second Heart Sounds Reduced Intensity
First Heart Sound (Markedly Split) [Repetition]
First Heart Sound (Markedly Split)
First Heart Sound (Minimally Split) [Repetition]
First Heart Sound (Minimally Split)
First Heart Sound Decreased Intensity [Repetition]
First Heart Sound Decreased Intensity
First Heart Sound Loud [Repetition]
First Heart Sound Loud
First Heart Sound plus Aortic Ejection Click [Repetition]
First Heart Sound plus Aortic Ejection Click
Fourth Heart Sound Plus First Heart Sound [Repetition]
Fourth Heart Sound Plus First Heart Sound
Fourth Heart Sound Gallop [Repetition]
Fourth Heart Sound Gallop
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy [Repetition]
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Innocent Murmur [Repetition]
Innocent Murmur
Innocent Systolic Ejection Murmur - Standing [Repetition]
Innocent Systolic Ejection Murmur - Standing
Innocent Systolic Ejection Murmur - Supine [Repetition]
Innocent Systolic Ejection Murmur - Supine
Mediastinal Crunch [Repetition]
Mediastinal Crunch
Mid-Systolic Click [Repetition]
Mid-Systolic Click
Mitral Regurgitation [Repetition]
Mitral Regurgitation
Mitral Regurgitation (Pan-systolic Murmur) [Repetition]
Mitral Regurgitation (Pan-systolic Murmur)
Mitral Regurgitation - Severe [Repetition]
Mitral Regurgitation - Severe
Mitral Regurgitation and Aortic Regurgitation [Repetition]
Mitral Regurgitation and Aortic Regurgitation
Mitral Stenosis (Diastolic Murmur) [Repetition]
Mitral Stenosis (Diastolic Murmur)
Mitral Stenosis - Mild [Repetition]
Mitral Stenosis - Mild
Mitral Stenosis - Moderate [Repetition]
Mitral Stenosis - Moderate
Mitral Stenosis - Severe [Repetition]
Mitral Stenosis - Severe
Mitral Stenosis Severe and Regurgitation Mild Rheumatic R
Mitral Stenosis Severe and Regurgitation Mild Rheumatic Origin
Mitral Valve Leaflet Prolapse [Repetition]
Mitral Valve Leaflet Prolapse
Mitral Valve Prolapse (Click with late systolic murmur) R
Mitral Valve Prolapse (Click with late systolic murmur)
Mitral Valve Prolapse with Mid Systolic Click - Standing R
Mitral Valve Prolapse with Mid Systolic Click - Standing
Myocarditis
Myocarditis
Opening Snap and Second Heart Sound [Repetition]
Opening Snap and Second Heart Sound
Patent Ductus Arteriosus [Repetition]
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Pleural Rubs [Repetition]
Pleural Rubs
Prosthetic Heart Sound - Aortic [Repetition]
Prosthetic Heart Sound - Aortic
Prosthetic Heart Sound - Mitral [Repetition]
Prosthetic Heart Sound - Mitral
Pulmonary Stenosis [Repetition]
Pulmonary Stenosis
Pulmonic Regurgitation - Mild [Repetition]
Pulmonic Regurgitation - Mild
Rhonchi - Low Pitched Wheezes [Repetition]
Rhonchi - Low Pitched Wheezes
Second Heart Sound - Fixed Splitting [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound - Fixed Splitting
Second Heart Sound - Physiologic Split [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound - Physiologic Split
Second Heart Sound - Splitting [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound - Splitting
Second Heart Sound and a Tumor Plop [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound and a Tumor Plop
Second Heart Sound and Late Systolic Click [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound and Late Systolic Click
Second Heart Sound with Fixed Splitting [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound with Fixed Splitting
Second Heart Sound with Persistent Splitting [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound with Persistent Splitting
Second Heart Sound Fixed Splitting, Decr. Aortic Intensity [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting Decreased Aortic Intensity
Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting Incr. Aortic Intensity [Repetition]
Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting Increased Aortic Intensity
Stridor [Repetition]
Stridor
Summation Gallop at 120 beats per minute [Repetition]
Summation Gallop at 120 beats per minute
Tetralogy of Fallot [Repetition]
Tetralogy of Fallot
Third and Fourth Heart Sound Gallop [Repetition]
Third and Fourth Heart Sound Gallop
Third Heart Sound - Physiologic [Repetition]
Third Heart Sound - Physiologic
Third Heart Sound Gallop [Repetition]
Third Heart Sound Gallop
Tricuspid Regurgitation - Severe [Repetition]
Tricuspid Regurgitation - Severe
Tricuspid Stenosis - Moderate [Repetition]
Tricuspid Stenosis - Moderate
Ventricular Septal Defect [Repetition]
Ventricular Septal Defect
Vesicular - Diminished [Repetition]
Vesicular - Diminished
Vesicular - Normal
Vesicular - Normal
Wheeze [Repetition]
Wheeze
Wheezes - Expiratory [Repetition]
Wheezes - Expiratory
Wheezes - High Pitched [Repetition]
Wheezes - High Pitched
Wheezes - Low Pitched [Repetition]
Wheezes - Low Pitched
Wheezes - Monophonic [Repetition]
Wheezes - Monophonic
Wheezes - Polyphonic [Repetition]
Wheezes - Polyphonic
Whispered Pectoriloquy - Abnormal [Repetition]
Whispered Pectoriloquy - Abnormal
Whispered Pectoriloquy - Healthy [Repetition]
Whispered Pectoriloquy - Healthy
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